The loss of the food production whole chain is serious. Firstly, the physiological characteristics and storage characteristics of food are introduced. After postpartum, food still carries out life activities, including the characteristics of aging, breathing and so on, and it has the storage characteristics of acid and bitter. Then it introduces the reasons for the whole chain loss after the production of grain, it mainly explains the five factors that affect the loss of grain during storage, shares the storage technology after the production of grain, and finally introduces the storage cases of rice, wheat, rice, flour and corn.